Fibre Optic cable is the long run medium for high-speed information transmission in addition to computer networking. Monitoring physical actions by way of cameras, nonetheless, is only the start. China’s influence and control also invasively extend to individuals’s use of the internet and to their personal digital gadgets. China’s internet and digital market is managed primarily by three corporate expertise giants — Baidu, Alibaba, and Tencent (collectively referred to as BAT”). Individually, they’re roughly equal to Google, Amazon, and Fb. Baidu is a Chinese language firm with a major international presence and reach. Based in Beijing, it specializes in web services and AI, and it offers the second largest search engine on the planet, solely behind Google — which has been blocked in China since 2010. Alibaba is a gigantic Chinese conglomerate primarily based in Hangzhou that specializes in e-commerce, internet companies, and expertise. And Tencent, mentioned earlier in Chapter 7, is a Chinese large based mostly in Shenzhen that specializes in internet leisure, social messaging companies, gaming, and AI.