Simply manageable, problem-free deployment, minimal downtime, and financial savings look like a symphony to the ears of any business owner in relation to installation of a communication answer. In 1988, after prompting from the United States Congress , the National Institute of Normal Medical Sciences ( National Institutes of Well being ) (NIGMS) instituted a funding mechanism for biotechnology training. Universities nationwide compete for these funds to ascertain Biotechnology Training Applications (BTPs). Each profitable software is generally funded for 5 years then have to be competitively renewed. Graduate students in turn compete for acceptance into a BTP; if accepted, then stipend, tuition and medical insurance support is offered for two or three years throughout the course of their Ph.D. thesis work. Nineteen establishments supply NIGMS supported BTPs. 86 Biotechnology training is also provided at the undergraduate stage and in group schools.